Then a messenger burst upon this scene, saying the Tsar had decided to spare their lives (as it turned out, the mock execution had been part of his punishment).When the pardon was announced, two of the prisoners went permanently insane; another went on to write —two of the greatest novels in Western literature.The two most memorable are Alyosha, a Christ figure who desperately wants to put Christian love into practice, and Ivan, who angrily defends agnosticism.In the chapter "Rebellion," Ivan indicts God the Father for creating a world in which children suffer.Less than a month remained when finally he employed an 18-year old stenographer, Anna Smitkina.
In the 1860s, Dostoyevsky edited (with his brother, Mikhail) two influential journals.
Yet at the same time he affirms it in the character of Alyosha, who believes passionately in Christlike love. " one of the characters replies, "It is the suffering of being unable to love." This internal war between the believer and the skeptic waged within Dostoyevsky's soul his entire life, both theologically and morally.
One of Tolstoy's friends said, "I cannot consider Dostoyevsky either a good or happy man.
one cannot fail to overcome the brutality of chance." Chance was brutal to Dostoyevsky, and in order to stave off his creditors, he signed an unjust contract with a conniving publisher who sought to exploit Dostoyevsky's situation and lack of discipline: Dostoyevsky was to finish a novel by a certain date, and if he failed, the publisher would retain all the rights to all of Dostoyevsky's published work.
Dostoyevsky characteristically delayed until it seemed too late.