From adolescence, men are encouraged to demonstrate their machismo (masculinity) through acts of sexual conquest.
Married men commonly have regular extramarital relations and even maintain more than one household.
The steadily growing proportion of women in the labor force results, for the most part, from their being single heads of households.
The vast majority of female heads of households work, and they are twice as likely to be employed as married women.
Middle- and upper-class women have a good chance of escaping this trap as they are much less likely to work outside the home and can depend on domestic help for household duties.
The key agro-export sector requires a large migrant labor force.
The long months that agricultural workers spend away from home harvesting coffee and cotton greatly disrupt family life and often lead to abandonment.
An informal poll of 200 Nicaraguan women of diverse educational and class backgrounds revealed that only ten were aware that women are most fertile at the midpoint of the menstrual cycle.
The Nicaraguan Roman Catholic Church has publicly condemned contraception other than the rhythm method.